Wildlife intervention threatens all living things

At the World Sustainable Development Summit held in Brazil in 1992, the United Nations (UN) Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted after the damage to biodiversity resources due to human-induced activities and the extinction of some species reached alarming proportions.

Turkey became a party in 1996 to the convention, which entered into force in 1993.

Currently 196 countries and the EU are parties to the convention.

Focusing especially on the concepts of sustainable development and development, the contract focuses on the diversity of animals, plants and microorganisms and the protection of their ecosystems.

The Convention considers sustainability from a broader perspective, taking into account the rights of people to food, safety, housing, medicine, and to live in a healthy and clean environment.

In this context, every year, 22 May is celebrated as “International Biodiversity Day” within the UN in order to promote the protection and development of natural life diversity for a sustainable world.

This year, the day will be celebrated with the theme “We are part of the solution for nature”, and will be remembered with online events due to the new type of coronavirus (Kovid-19), just like last year.

Viruses such as Kovid-19 occur as a result of wildlife intervention

The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) published the report on the 4-day Biodiversity and Pandemic Workshop held on 27-31 July 2020.

According to the report, biodiversity is threatened by the use of wild animals for consumption and trade, with the expansion of settlements and livestock areas in regions with wildlife in developing countries with tropical and subtropical climates, as a result of the increase in population in the world.

In the report, which stated that human beings reduce biodiversity by interfering with wildlife and thus endanger their own well-being, it was emphasized that viruses taken from wild animals hunted for commercial and consumption purposes spread to the world and the Kovid-19 epidemic that swept the world could be shown as an example.

The report stated that the origins of the epidemic diseases are based on microbes carried by some animals, including bats, rodents, primates, pangolins, chimpanzees, gorillas, birds and pigs.

In addition, the report cited the loss of biodiversity and the change in land use that caused climate change, agricultural expansion, intensification, wildlife trade and consumption, among the reasons for the emergence of epidemics.

70 percent of epidemic diseases are animal diseases

Emphasizing that the consumption demand of humans increases as a result of the increasing population and exploits the nature with unsustainable consumption impulse, it was noted that this increased contact between wildlife pathogens and animals and humans and led to epidemics.

The report pointed out that 70 percent of global outbreaks such as Ebola, Zika, Nipah encephalitis, flu, HIV / AIDS and Kovid-19 are zoonotic diseases from animals to humans.

Legal wildlife trade of $ 107 billion a year

In the report, which reported that about 24 percent of wild animals are traded worldwide, it was emphasized that it is estimated that the wild animal trade has increased more than five times in the last 14 years and reached 107 billion dollars in 2019.

The report also stated that protecting natural-wildlife habitats and preventing the unsustainable exploitation of regions with high biodiversity will reduce wildlife-human contact and help prevent the spread of new pathogens.

In the report, which emphasized that forests were destroyed with the change in land use, cities were expanding towards the countryside, and people settled in the wildlife habitat, the report pointed out that epidemic diseases emerged as a result of climate change, loss of biodiversity and human contact with wildlife.

The report noted that changes in land use have caused 30 percent of diseases that have occurred since 1960.