They have the property of being a source of antibiotics! 60 new species of bacteria…


Zeynep Irmak ÖCAL- Tayfur KARA/SAMSUN, (DHA) | Tuesday, July 13, 2021 – 9:42 | Last Updated : 13 07 2021 – 9:42

Samsun Ondokuz Mayıs University (OMU) Faculty of Arts and Sciences Head of Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics Prof. Dr. Nevzat Şahin and his team discovered 60 new types of bacteria. It is expected that the new species found as a result of a 2-year study in 6 countries, including Turkey, will enter the literature after they are named and described. Şahin said, “The majority of these bacterial species have the feature of being the source of antibiotics in terms of their genetic characteristics. We also have studies on new drug and antibiotic discoveries related to them.”

Head of Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Prof. Dr. Şahin and his team discovered 60 new types of bacteria after their studies on samples taken from the lands and lakes of Turkey, Turkmenistan, Cyprus, Russia, Nigeria and India. The species found as a result of a 2-year study are expected to enter the literature after being named and described.

Stating that the discovered bacterial species are also an important step for the discovery of new drugs and antibiotics, Prof. Dr. Şahin noted that they are in an effort to create added value from Turkey’s gene resources. Şahin said, “As OMU, the infrastructure of the laboratories of the molecular biology and genetics department is at an international level; We have important equipment. We can say that OMU is the leading university of Turkey in this field. The organisms we are working on are mostly actinobacteria group organisms.

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Actinobacteria are microorganisms from which hundreds of antibiotics that we commonly use in treatments are obtained. Therefore, their biotechnological importance is very high. We isolate the organisms we discover from their natural habitats: soil, sediment, water, vegetation, tissue, and roots. We identify the organisms we isolate by subjecting them to tests in international standards. If there are new species among the microorganisms we have identified, we name them in accordance with the international nomenclature rules. We publish his articles in highly respected journals and bring these genres to the literature.”

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‘HAVE THE FEATURE OF BEING THE SOURCE OF ANTIBIOTICS’

Stating that he and his team have brought more than 70 bacterial species to the literature in the last 10 years, Şahin said, “Our studies for the detection of microbial gene sources continue. In the last 2 years, we have discovered 60 new bacterial species. The majority of these bacterial species have the feature of being the source of antibiotics in terms of their genetic characteristics. We also have studies on new drug and antibiotic discoveries related to these. The government supported our work on new drug discovery. We have another study that has progressed with important findings in the last 1 year. There are also other groups that are working towards the discovery of new drugs related to the organisms we describe and name. Our efforts to create added value from the gene resources of our country will continue.”

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