İLKER KOÇAŞ / NTV.COM.TR
Moon, which witnessed the struggle for domination of the “Cold War” between the United States of America (USA) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), is once again the target of human beings.
NASA was the winner of the moon race, which was shaped by political rather than scientific motives during the cold war years.
Although the USSR was the first country to reach the Moon, NASA landed the first human on the Moon, the only satellite of our planet, ahead of its rival and never lost the leadership in the space race again.
With the end of the Cold War, the space race took its place in the dusty pages of history. After this date, many countries organized unmanned missions on the Moon.
Neil Armstrong, the commander of the Apollo 11 spacecraft that went to the Moon on 20 July 1969, made history as the first person to set foot on the Moon. Armstrong, who is remembered with his words, “is a big step”, and after these statements, he spent about 3 hours on the lunar surface with his astronaut friend Edvin “Buzz” Aldrin.
IN 1990 THE AY GONE OUT OF THE US AND THE USSR’S MONOPOLY
The Japanese Space Agency, which sent vehicles to orbit the Moon in 1990, became the third country to reach the Moon. In 2003, the European Space Agency (ESA) managed to reach the orbit of the Moon.
CHINA IS THE FOURTH COUNTRY TO REACH THE MONTH
In 2007, China entered the list of countries that reached the Moon. India followed China a year later. In 2019, Israel tried to land a vehicle on the Moon. However, this mission failed.
New candidates TURKEY
list of new candidate countries Turkey, reaching the moon. President Erdogan, Turkey’s 10-year space program has announced its 10 targets.
Explaining that the first and most important goal is to go to the Moon in 2023, Erdogan said, “Our last goal is to send a Turkish citizen to space.”
NO ASTRONOTS SENT SINCE 1972
Neil Armstrong was the first person to set foot on the moon. Armstrong then traveled with his astronaut friend Edvin “Buzz” Aldrin on the lunar surface for about 3 hours.
After Aldrin, the US landed 10 more astronauts to the lunar surface by 1972. In the same years, the USSR started producing Soyuz shuttles for three people to send people to the Moon, but it ended its mission in 1974 because it was unable to develop a rocket capable of lowering the shuttle to the surface.
NASA, on the other hand, last sent an astronaut to the Moon in 1972. Since this date, our planet’s satellite has only hosted unmanned missions.
NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine noted that $ 28 billion was needed for the Artemis program that aimed for the moon landing.
NASA’S NEW TARGET IS TO BUILD A PERMANENT BASE
NASA has been working hard on New Moon missions in recent years. According to the statement made by NASA, the main goal for astronauts is to establish the science and technology tools required for the future space exploration of the USA on the surface of the Moon.
ON THE TARGET OF PRIVATE COMPANIES
The founder of SpaceX, US entrepreneur Elon Musk and the owner of Blur Origin, Jeff Bezos, have also shared the dream of starting “moon tourism” for a while.