The design of the unmanned spacecraft has begun

Flight tests of the Probe Rocket System (SORS), developed with hybrid engine technology, which is planned to be used in the unmanned spacecraft to be sent to the Moon in the 100th anniversary of the Republic, have been successfully completed.

Studies on the targets in the National Space Program, announced by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on February 9, continue uninterruptedly.

The most important short-term goal of the program is to make a hard landing on the Moon with a spacecraft using national and original technologies in 2023. While Turkish engineers work day and night for this purpose, all details, including the engines of the rockets to be fired in space, are meticulously focused on.


Industry and Technology Minister Varank held talks in Sinop to see the work done with hybrid rocket technologies on site.

Minister Varank visited the Sinop Test Center for the launch tests of SORS, developed by Delta V Space Technologies Inc., an affiliate of the Presidency of Defense Industries.

During his visit to Varank, Deputy Minister of Industry and Technology Mehmet Fatih Kacır, Sinop Governor Erol Karaömeroğlu, AK Party Sinop Deputy Nazım Maviş, Turkish Space Agency (TUA) President Serdar Hüseyin Yıldırım, KOSGEB President Hasan Basri Kurt, Delta V General Manager Arif Karabeyoğlu and Ahmet Çağrı Özer, General Manager of SSTEK Defense Industry Technologies Inc.

Varank inspected the test area before launch, received information about the assembly and pre-flight preparation stages of SORS.


Recalling that one of the goals of the National Space Program is to make a hard landing on the Moon in 2023, Varank told AA correspondent, “We have now started the design of our spacecraft.” said.

Giving information about the tests carried out by Delta V in Sinop, Varank said, “The ultimate goal here is to be able to cross the space limit, which we call 100 kilometers, with hybrid engine rockets.” used the phrase.

Stating that a foreign company (Virgin Galactic) has recently traveled in space using hybrid engines, Varank said, “Here, if we can test this engine and give it a history in space, we will have achieved an important expansion in the field of space with these hybrid engines. Turkey will be one step ahead in this area. ” he said.

Explaining that the work carried out for the “Moon Mission” is progressing successfully, Varank said, “We are getting closer to the moon step by step. We are getting closer to our goals in the lunar mission.” said.

Expressing that they will accelerate the process of sending people into space, which is another goal of the National Space Program, Varank expressed that they are aware of the interest in this mission.


Delta V General Manager Karabeyoğlu emphasized that the SORS, which is ignited, has one of the most advanced technologies used in the world, “We are talking about an engine that uses liquid oxygen and paraffin fuel, burns very quickly and offers high performance.” said.

TUA President Yıldırım, stating that they have made progress in all 10 targets in the National Space Program, said, “When we come to 2030, Turkey will take its place as a space power and will be one of the 7-8 countries in the world.” used the phrase.


After the completion of the pre-launch filling process and other preparations of the probe, which uses liquid oxygen as an oxidizer, Minister Varank and his entourage moved to the launch control building.

After the final security checks here, it was counted down from 10 and the launch test of SORS was done. The probe rocket launched with the command of Minister Varank successfully passed the test in Sinop.

Delta V’s work on increasing the rocket’s altitude continues. SORS will have more oxidizer capacity with its enlarged tank. Thus, the launched rocket will be able to reach altitudes much higher than 100 kilometers.

It is aimed that the ground tests of the large oxidizer tank, whose production has been completed, will be carried out in August and used for launches to be held in September.


The vertical firing test of SORS’s propulsion system and the hybrid rocket engine planned to be used in the “Hard Landing on the Moon” mission were carried out in April, and the tests were completed successfully.

SORS will be an important building block for the “Moon Mission”, as well as demonstrating Turkey’s success and technological competence in hybrid rocket engines. The critical components of the hybrid engine to be used in the Moon Mission will be taken to the space environment and tested with the SORS system, and their suitability for space missions will be confirmed.


Hybrid rocket engines are innovative rocket systems obtained by combining solid fuel and liquid oxidizer, and have the advantages of safety, cost and being more environmentally friendly, which are not found in solid or liquid systems.

These systems have become demanded in commercial space activities where cost is a priority, and in new application areas such as space tourism where safety and environmental sensitivity are at the forefront as well as cost. Thanks to hybrid fuel rockets, it will be possible to develop new generation launch systems, upper stage propellant engines and suborbital systems.