The big transformation in telephony since Graham Bell’s invention


While the means of communication have a very important position in the history of humanity, in cases where there is a distance difference and face-to-face meeting is not possible, people tried to establish communication between them with the communication methods they have developed.

Until the invention of the telephone, communication was attempted by using many tools, from smoke to pigeon to communicate, from messengers to telegraph. The first phone call between Scottish-American inventor Alexander Graham Bell and his assistant Thomas Watson on March 10, 1876 in Boston was the beginning of the technology that will mark the future.

This new invention, etymologically derived from the words “telos (far)” and “phone (voice)” in ancient Greek, enabled people at very long distances to communicate with their momentary and real voices via cables. Thanks to the phone, the messages were delivered to the other party in a short time and clearly.

The process leading to intercontinental communication between two rooms

In the demonstration of the inventor Alexander Graham Bell, which he patented three days ago, to introduce his invention to the public, he sent the message “Mr. Watson, come here. I want to see you” to his assistant at the head of the receiver in the next room with a sound transmitter connected to a cable, and the telephone that provides communication between the two rooms; it would then enable communication between cities, interstate and continents.

After Bell’s successful attempt, telephony started to increase its prevalence in the whole country through cables carried on poles in the USA. By the time the dates showed in 1915, the prevalence of the telephone became so advanced that Graham Bell and Thomas Watson were able to talk to each other by calling each other from New York and San Francisco, this time from two different ends of the USA.

It was first used in 1908 during the Ottoman period.

Using the phone in Turkey together with the rapid expansion of telephone cable was first held in 1908 during the Ottoman period.

While the Kadıköy and Beyoğlu power plants were put into service in 1911, the first automatic telephone exchange was established in Ankara in 1926 by the order of Atatürk in the Republican era.

Although it was used in our country in the early 1900s, it would take another half century for this invention to become widespread at the public level.

Mobile phones took the stage in communication

One of the most important turning points in the phone was that it can be used wirelessly with the developments in satellite technology.

In 1973, entrepreneur Martin Cooper, director of Motorola, made a conversation with the first hand-held mobile phone, while the adventure of mobile phones to be launched nearly 10 years later began.

The great advances in technology have caused great changes in the use of the phone. With the introduction of the first camera phones in 1999, touch and smart phones in 2007 and the exponential increase in internet speed, phones have become an indispensable part of daily life.

Transactions are made from smart phones, devices are managed

The importance of mobile phones in social life is increasing day by day, allowing users to easily perform many transactions from shopping to bank transactions, from education to official affairs (e-government).

According to the Digital Around the World report, 5.22 billion people, 66 percent of the world’s population, use mobile phones, while the phones of more than 75 percent of the users are new model phones called “smart phones”.

Smart phones have begun to become the “brain” of other smart items. Smart home systems and many of the wearable technologies can now be controlled through applications on phones. Many devices such as smart watches, robot vacuum cleaners and smart televisions can also be managed with the location they get from their phones.