With 5G technology, which is expected to be put into service after 4.5G, it is expected that there will be great developments in many technologies from the internet of things to driverless vehicles.
According to the information compiled by the AA reporter, 1G technology, which started to be used in the 1980s, enabled the first generation of wireless phone technology. 2G, the advanced version of 1G technology, has been used as the second generation wireless phone technology. With this technology, which provides the opportunity to switch from analog broadcast to digital broadcast, the possibility of encrypting voice and data was born, and calls and data transmissions became more secure.
With the introduction of 3G technology, the speed of data exchange has increased and the possibility of video calling has emerged. smart phone usage with 3G technology that was introduced in Turkey since 2009, began to show large increases in the.
Turkey has be April 1, 2016 through the transfer of data has become very important in the history of the period 4.5 g technology is a new technology offering speeds about 10 times compared to 3g. With the new technology, users have experienced a great change in many areas from video calls to social media usage by reaching faster and clearer images.
After 4.5G technology, a major transformation is expected with 5G technology. It is noteworthy that one of the biggest innovations that 5G technology will bring is that the new technology is up to 100 times faster than the previous technology. It is planned to introduce technologies that will shape the future with the internet that will reach uninterrupted high speeds with 5G technology.
Industry 4.0, self-driving vehicles and more
Significant transformations are expected from production to consumption with 5G technology, which is one of the most important requirements in Internet of Things technology, which expresses the work of smart objects in connection with each other or with larger systems. It is stated that 5G will also strengthen the wireless data transmission infrastructure for technologies such as drones and virtual reality. 5G is expected to deliver a data transfer rate of around 20 Gigabits per second.
With the new technology that will provide great convenience on the way to Industry 4.0, it is aimed to increase autonomous systems in factories and to produce machines with the least need for human intervention with big data. According to the Information and Communication Technologies Authority (BTK) data, it is predicted that there will be 100 billion different connections in the world by 2025 and only 10 percent of these connections will be between people, while the average data that will travel per square kilometer in the world after 2020 will increase 16 times every 4 years To meet this demand, it is estimated that 25 times more frequencies and 2 thousand times more base stations will be needed compared to the previous generation.
One of the biggest contributions of 5G is expected to be experienced in driverless vehicles technology. One of the essentials of the driverless vehicle technology, which works on the very fast processing of data from sensors between vehicles and the logic of contacting other vehicles and big data, stands out as 5G technology. Thanks to the new generation technology providing up to 100 times faster speed, it is expected that the speed of sudden decision-making of computers will increase and the risk of accidents will decrease, especially while driving.
5G infrastructure work continues in Turkey
Within the scope of the studies on 5G, Turkcell provided 5G signals to its 5G mobile phones over the pilot network. The company reached a speed of 2,283 Gbps in the 3.5GHz band with the test performed on a commercial mobile phone supporting 5G in Istanbul Tepebaşı Plaza on the frequency allocated by BTK for the test.
Fiber infrastructure is important for full transition to 5G
On the other hand, Turkey produces base station and allows installation in workable form field is among the few countries in the world. Founded in 2017 in ULAK communication and coordination responsibilities, telecom operators also contribute with the domestic base station developed by Turkish engineers ULAK, in many cities in Turkey to 4.5 g communication provides services to all operators.
In addition to ULAK base stations, the MİLAT R&D Project, which uses Software Defined Networks and Virtualization of Network Functions technologies, which are accepted as one of the important technologies of 5G, developed the MİLAT Network Management and Analysis System (MAYA) by ensuring the productization of the first stage. This system, which is ready for 5G, is used by various institutions in the field.
Thanks to these studies, with the implementation of 5G, 5G solutions that will be needed by all sectors from education to health, from transportation to industry will be offered locally and nationally.
Furthermore, Turkey is not ready to make a full transition to the fiber infrastructure 5G technology in importance. While various studies are carried out to improve the fiber infrastructure, mobile phone operators emphasize the importance of a common fiber infrastructure.