Scientists have revealed regions where new types of coronavirus can occur


The study, conducted in collaboration with scientists from the University of California Berkeley, Milan Polytechnic University and Massey University of New Zealand, examined the natural habitats of horseshoe bats in a region ranging from Western Europe to Southeast Asia.

The study also included settlements where human-animal interaction is most common, and locations with agriculture and livestock production.

Examining the natural habitats of bats and the areas where these regions intersect, the researchers identified points that could be the new centers of diseases that are likely to infect other living things, especially humans.

Noting that most of the locations that could be centers for new coronavirus species are located in China, the researchers noted that some regions with forest divisions in Japan and the Northern Philippines are also at risk.

The researchers also warned that Thailand and Indochina regions could become hubs if livestock production increased.

University of California Berkeley Environmental Science researcher Prof. Paolo D’Odorico stated that the effects of changes in land use should be carefully evaluated in terms of both the environment and human health in terms of diseases that can be transmitted from animals.

Underlining that intensive livestock production is particularly worrying, the scientists noted that the coexistence of large populations of genetically similar and often immunocompromised animals that are vulnerable to epidemics pose great risks.

D’Odorico stated that even though it is not possible to trace the direct transmission of the new type of coronavirus (Kovid-19) from wildlife to humans, changes in land use are known to be linked to the presence of these bats.

Kovid-19 was first seen in the food market in Wuhan

The world became aware of the Kovid-19 outbreak for the first time when it reported to the World Health Organization that a “mysterious respiratory disease of unknown origin” emerged in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province, on December 31, 2019, China.

The disease was first seen in people visiting the seafood food market in Wuhan, and the first patient applied to the hospital on 17 November with the complaint of “respiratory disease”, the cause of which cannot be understood.

It was understood that the disease that causes lung inflammation is caused by a previously unknown type of coronavirus, which is thought to be a mutated version of a beta coronavirus found in bats.