Number of active satellites in Turkey increased to 7


The number of active satellites of Turkey, which is one of the 30 countries that own satellites in space, increased to 7 with the commissioning of Türksat 5A.

According to the information compiled by the AA correspondent, Turkey had 6 active satellites, of which 3 (Türksat 3A, Türksat 4A, Türksat 4B) communication and 3 (Göktürk-1, Göktürk-2 and RASAT) observation.

Türksat 1A, Turkey’s first communication satellite test, was launched into space on January 24, 1994, but fell into the ocean 12 minutes and 12 seconds later due to a malfunction in the launcher rocket. Continuing to invest in satellite technologies, Turkey took its place in space on 10 August 1994 with Türksat 1B. Launched into space in July 1996, Türksat 1C served in 31 and 42 degrees east orbits until September 2010. Launched to 42 degrees east longitude on January 10, 2001, Türksat 2A’s mandate ended on September 27, 2016.

After this satellite, Türksat 3A, 4A and 4B satellites were sent into space. Finally, the Türksat 5A satellite, whose production processes and test phases were completed by AIRBUS D&S, was delivered to the Türksat authorities on October 2, 2020, ready for launch.

After the contract signed in 2017, the satellite, which started production at AIRBUS’s facilities in Toulouse, France, was sent to SPACE X’s launch center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA. On January 8, 05:15, the first signal was received from Türksat 5A, which was successfully launched into space with a Falcon 9 rocket, 35 minutes after the launch.

Türksat 5A, which has an all-electric propulsion system, landed on its orbit at “31 degrees east” on May 4, after all orbital and subsystem checks were carried out through the stations.

After the successful completion of the tests of Türksat 5A, Turkey’s number of active satellites in space increased to 7.

With the launch of Türksat 5A in its orbit, the number of communication satellites active in space increased to 4, and the number of orbits in which Türksat operates with its own satellites increased to 3 for the first time.

With its maneuver life, the satellite will secure the frequency and orbital rights in 31 degrees east orbit for 35 years.

It will provide TV broadcasting and data communication services.

Türksat 5A will provide TV broadcasting and data communication services in a wide geography covering Turkey, Europe, Middle East, North Africa, Mid-West Africa, South Africa, Mediterranean, Aegean Sea and Black Sea.

Türksat 5A, which will make Turkey one of the leading countries using the new Ku Band, will provide a much higher quality TV broadcasting and communication service with 12 kilowatts of power.

TÜRKSAT 5B is aimed to be launched in the last quarter of the year

Continuing its investments in satellite technologies, Turkey plans to launch the Türksat 5B communication satellite, which has been manufactured and tested, in the last quarter of this year.

With Türksat 5B, which will be sent to 42 degrees east orbit, the Ka-Band capacity will increase 15 times and the satellite will be the most powerful satellite of the Türksat fleet.

After Türksat 5A, with the 5B coming into service, Turkey’s frequency rights will be protected, and new frequency rights will be obtained for the next generation communication satellites.

The Türksat 6A communication satellite, which will be produced at the Space Systems Integration and Test (USET) Center, is expected to be launched into space in 2022.

Turkey will cover the whole of Europe and Africa, the western and southern parts of Asia including Indonesia (excluding Russia and China) in the field of communication with Türksat satellites.

RASAT, the first observation satellite designed and manufactured in Turkey

RASAT earth observation satellite became the second remote sensing satellite of TÜBİTAK UZAY after BİLSAT. RASAT, the first earth observation satellite designed and manufactured in Turkey, was launched from Russia on 17 August 2011.

Although the RASAT satellite has a design life of 3 years, it is still in orbit.

The satellite in question is in a circular orbit synchronized with the sun, at an altitude of 700 kilometers, and operates with a 7.5 meter black and white, 15 meter multi-band spatial resolution pushbroom camera.

With an average of 4 days of revisit time, RASAT can be controlled in 3 axes. From the satellite, the dimensions of each frame image are 30×30 kilometers, strip images up to 960 kilometers long can be taken.

Within the scope of the project, the satellite assembly, integration and test laboratory was enlarged, while more than 100 experts were trained in satellite design, production and testing.

Göktürk-1 satellite

Göktürk-1, which will meet the satellite imagery needs of the Turkish Armed Forces for target intelligence, was launched into space in 2016. The satellite, which sits in low altitude orbit, can perform remote sensing tasks for public institutions and organizations in many areas such as environmental and construction monitoring, agricultural yield detection, municipal applications, border control and cadastral activities.

Designed to explore anywhere in the world without geographical restrictions, the 0.50 meter resolution satellite is expected to have a lifespan of 7 years.

Göktürk-2, the first high-resolution reconnaissance and observation satellite

Göktürk-2, the first high-resolution reconnaissance and observation satellite originally developed in Turkey, was placed in the mission orbit with the launch operation carried out in 2012.

Göktürk-2 was produced within the scope of the contract signed by the Ministry of National Defense, TÜBİTAK Presidency and TÜBİTAK UZAY-TUSAŞ business partnership.

With the satellite, target intelligence and numerical and geographical data production required by the Turkish Armed Forces and, in particular, the Air Force Command, are provided. In addition, satellite image requests of other public institutions/organizations, universities and research institutions are met.

The observation satellite, produced with a high locality rate and having a resolution of 2.5 meters, meets the important needs of Turkey in the fields of defense, environment, urban planning, agriculture and forestry.

The satellite in question has high-speed data communication enough to download an image of a strip of approximately 640 kilometers in a single pass.

Capable of taking images from anywhere in the world and transmitting them in a communication cone, the satellite completes one orbit around the world in approximately 98 minutes.

Within the scope of the Göktürk-2 Project, it was aimed to develop technology, expert manpower and infrastructure for space and satellite systems, and to meet the observation and research needs of public institutions and organizations with national means and capabilities.

At this point, the infrastructure and capabilities for satellite and equipment level design, analysis, production, assembly, integration and testing activities have been acquired while training expert manpower to take part in future satellite projects within TÜBİTAK UZAY and TUSAŞ.