The number of active satellites of Turkey, which is one of the 30 countries that own satellites in space, increased to 7 with the commissioning of Türksat 5A.
According to the information compiled by the AA correspondent, Turkey had 6 active satellites, of which 3 (Türksat 3A, Türksat 4A, Türksat 4B) communication and 3 (Göktürk-1, Göktürk-2 and RASAT) observation.
After this satellite, Türksat 3A, 4A and 4B satellites were sent into space. Finally, the Türksat 5A satellite, whose production processes and test phases were completed by AIRBUS D&S, was delivered to the Türksat authorities on October 2, 2020, ready for launch.
Türksat 5A, which has an all-electric propulsion system, landed on its orbit at “31 degrees east” on May 4, after all orbital and subsystem checks were carried out through the stations.
With the launch of Türksat 5A in its orbit, the number of communication satellites active in space increased to 4, and the number of orbits in which Türksat operates with its own satellites increased to 3 for the first time.
With its maneuver life, the satellite will secure the frequency and orbital rights in 31 degrees east orbit for 35 years.
It will provide TV broadcasting and data communication services.
Türksat 5A, which will make Turkey one of the leading countries using the new Ku Band, will provide a much higher quality TV broadcasting and communication service with 12 kilowatts of power.
TÜRKSAT 5B is aimed to be launched in the last quarter of the year
Continuing its investments in satellite technologies, Turkey plans to launch the Türksat 5B communication satellite, which has been manufactured and tested, in the last quarter of this year.
With Türksat 5B, which will be sent to 42 degrees east orbit, the Ka-Band capacity will increase 15 times and the satellite will be the most powerful satellite of the Türksat fleet.
After Türksat 5A, with the 5B coming into service, Turkey’s frequency rights will be protected, and new frequency rights will be obtained for the next generation communication satellites.
The Türksat 6A communication satellite, which will be produced at the Space Systems Integration and Test (USET) Center, is expected to be launched into space in 2022.
RASAT, the first observation satellite designed and manufactured in Turkey
Although the RASAT satellite has a design life of 3 years, it is still in orbit.
The satellite in question is in a circular orbit synchronized with the sun, at an altitude of 700 kilometers, and operates with a 7.5 meter black and white, 15 meter multi-band spatial resolution pushbroom camera.
With an average of 4 days of revisit time, RASAT can be controlled in 3 axes. From the satellite, the dimensions of each frame image are 30×30 kilometers, strip images up to 960 kilometers long can be taken.
Within the scope of the project, the satellite assembly, integration and test laboratory was enlarged, while more than 100 experts were trained in satellite design, production and testing.
Göktürk-1, which will meet the satellite imagery needs of the Turkish Armed Forces for target intelligence, was launched into space in 2016. The satellite, which sits in low altitude orbit, can perform remote sensing tasks for public institutions and organizations in many areas such as environmental and construction monitoring, agricultural yield detection, municipal applications, border control and cadastral activities.
Designed to explore anywhere in the world without geographical restrictions, the 0.50 meter resolution satellite is expected to have a lifespan of 7 years.
Göktürk-2, the first high-resolution reconnaissance and observation satellite
Göktürk-2, the first high-resolution reconnaissance and observation satellite originally developed in Turkey, was placed in the mission orbit with the launch operation carried out in 2012.
With the satellite, target intelligence and numerical and geographical data production required by the Turkish Armed Forces and, in particular, the Air Force Command, are provided. In addition, satellite image requests of other public institutions/organizations, universities and research institutions are met.
The observation satellite, produced with a high locality rate and having a resolution of 2.5 meters, meets the important needs of Turkey in the fields of defense, environment, urban planning, agriculture and forestry.
The satellite in question has high-speed data communication enough to download an image of a strip of approximately 640 kilometers in a single pass.
Capable of taking images from anywhere in the world and transmitting them in a communication cone, the satellite completes one orbit around the world in approximately 98 minutes.
Within the scope of the Göktürk-2 Project, it was aimed to develop technology, expert manpower and infrastructure for space and satellite systems, and to meet the observation and research needs of public institutions and organizations with national means and capabilities.
At this point, the infrastructure and capabilities for satellite and equipment level design, analysis, production, assembly, integration and testing activities have been acquired while training expert manpower to take part in future satellite projects within TÜBİTAK UZAY and TUSAŞ.