Recep Tayyip Erdogan University (RTEU) Faculty of Fisheries, Marine Sciences Department Lecturer Assoc. Dr. Ülgen Aytan told Anadolu Agency (AA) that plastics have become one of the biggest environmental factors threatening the oceans and seas in recent years.
Pointing out that plastic materials are a very fast growing problem for the seas and difficult to cope with, Aytan said, “The plastics we use in daily life reach the sea. Instead of disappearing, they are broken down into smaller pieces, which we call microplastics, by a series of physical biological and chemical processes every day.” he spoke.
Aytan pointed out that sea creatures consume plastics as food and this situation poses a great threat to living things, “Marine creatures consume plastics that are microscopic as food. These pollutants progress in the food chain and reach our table with contaminated fishery products. used the expressions.
Ayten, research, the plastic in the Black Sea wear and putting them into a process of disintegration pointing out that they did work well, “realizing that with Field and experimental studies. Our studies show that in Turkey. Contaminated (infection) did not have a point. To the poles from the deepest point of the sea every There is microplastic pollution on the ground. Not only in water, but also in the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the food we eat, there are microplastics. he spoke.
“We especially need to remove single-use plastics from our lives”
RTÉ Micro-plastics Research Group as the Black Sea and Turkey from 2013 noted that investigated the effects of marine pollution and Ayten, continued as follows:
“In our studies, we investigated the consumption of microplastics in 12 fish species in the Marmara Sea and 7 in the Black Sea, and we determined this as in other parts of the world. The amount of microplastics is increasing in our seas every day. Because the amount of plastic produced is increasing worldwide. The amount entering the seas is increasing day by day. Considering its permanent structure in the seas, associated chemicals and toxic chemicals, the presence of microplastics poses a great risk for both marine life and human health. “
Stating that they determined that the amount of plastic was high in the TUBITAK projects they carried out in Kızılırmak in the Black Sea and Değirmendere in Trabzon, Aytan said:
“Again, the concentration of micro-plastic in the Sea of Marmara is quite high in both water and sediment. Although the Aegean Sea is generally better than the Black Sea and Marmara, especially the Izmir Bay is a point where we encounter a high amount of micro-plastic pollution. We examined and examined fish in both Marmara and Black Sea. We have identified micro-plastic consumption in all types of pelagic and benthic (surface and bottom). “
Underlining that the fight against plastic is possible with individual studies and is a problem that concerns the whole world, Ülgen said, “We need to remove single-use plastics from our lives. We need to replace them with sustainable ones, reuse them if possible, and recycle them.” found the assessment.