Sputnik V, a vaccine developed by the Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology and funded by the “Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF)”, got its name from the first Soviet spacecraft launched into space in 1957.
“Our citizens should not hesitate”
Head of the Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University (AU). Dr. İsmail Balık made statements to the AA correspondent about the effectiveness, possible side effects and advantages of the Sputnik V vaccine.
Explaining that Sputnik V is a new generation viral vector vaccine, Balık said, “A viral vector vaccine like AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson vaccines. The spike protein of the coronavirus is loaded into adenoviruses and this protein is transported to the human body. In this way, the immune system against the spike protein. “It develops antibodies and provides protection. In other words, another virus is used as a carrier that will not have an effect on the body. The spike proteins of Kovid-19 that will create immunity are given to the body via adenovirus.”
Stating that the Phase 3 study results of the vaccine were published as an article in the Medical Journal Lancet last February, Balık said that the effectiveness of this study was announced as 91.6 percent.
Stating that Denis Logunov, the leader of the team that developed the vaccine, announced that the effectiveness rate of the vaccine was found to be 97.6 percent in people who received both doses, Balık stated that both Phase 3 results and field studies showed that the vaccine was effective.
Stating that Western countries were skeptical about the vaccine at first, Balık continued his words as follows:
“It was stated that Russia did not provide enough information. Sputnik V is a vaccine similar to the AstraZeneca vaccine, an extremely good vaccine. One of the 3-4 most widely used vaccines in the world. Sputnik V is licensed in 62 countries in the world. It is widely used in countries where it is licensed. However, a problem with this vaccine has not been disclosed from any country to date.
Therefore, our citizens who will have this vaccine when it is put into practice in our country should never hesitate. This vaccine, which has been used and will be used in our country so far, is extremely safe and effective vaccines. Regardless of which vaccine comes, our citizens should get the vaccine without delay. “
“No side effects other than skin irritation, headache and fatigue”
Fish said Sputnik V, which has similar side effects to inactivated vaccines, has slightly lower side effects than mRNA vaccines such as BioNTech.
“Sputnik V vaccine can be stored at 2-8 degrees”
Stating that Sputnik V vaccine is made in 2 doses like other vaccines in use, Balık said, “However, different from other vector vaccines, different adenoviruses are used in the second dose to provide a stronger immunity. gave the information.
Prof. Dr. Pointing out that the BioNTech vaccine needs to be stored at minus 70 degrees, logistical problems may occur in its transportation and application, Balık said that Sputnik V and Sinovac vaccines can be stored at 2-8 degrees.
Stating that no comparison can be made between the applied Kovid-19 vaccines in terms of effectiveness, Balık stated that there are no efficacy studies comparing the vaccines with each other yet.
“Therefore, it would not be correct to say ‘one is better’ for sure, but based on our own experience and world data, we see that mRNA vaccines respond better in immunocompromised people.” said.
“It is very important that the vaccine will be produced in Turkey”
Underlining that it is of great importance that the vaccine will be produced in Turkey with the agreement between Russia and Turkey, Balık said:
The Kovid-19 outbreak once again showed how strategic vaccine production is. If a country cannot produce vaccines, it may have difficulties in vaccine supply. “
Fish, according to the statement made by the Ministry of Health, stated that some ready vaccines will be purchased from Russia this month and production will start towards autumn, “It is important to start producing Sputnik vaccine as well as our domestic vaccine in terms of reducing our dependence on foreign countries.” used the expression.
Emphasizing that the Sputnik V vaccine is not one of the vaccine types that can be produced anywhere because it is one of the new generation vaccines, it requires the most advanced technology, Balık stated that the infrastructure of one of the factories in Turkey is suitable for this and therefore the vaccine can be produced safely.