According to the statement made by the Chinese National Space Administration, “Tienvın-1” decreased its speed after approaching Mars and entered an orbit approximately 400 kilometers from the surface of Mars.
Reaching Mars’ gravitational field, the reconnaissance vehicle will perform various orbital correction movements at this stage and find a suitable location to land on the planet in May or June.
Tienvin-1 has “orbital module”, “Mars landing module” and “surface vehicle”.
Communication with the reconnaissance vehicle is via a radio telescope in the northern city of Tianjin, with a delay of about 10 minutes.
202 DAILY FLIGHTS
“Tienvın-1”, which left the world on 23 July 2020, made 202 daily flights. The vehicle, which made four orbital corrections in this period, covered a distance of 475 million kilometers.
The mission of “Tienv”, which means “to seek the truth in the heavens” in Chinese, takes its name from the lines of the Chinese poet Zhu Yuen, who lived in the 4th century BC.
In recent years, China has emerged as the new power in the space race led by the USA and Russia with its ambitious steps towards Moon and Mars exploration missions, satellite technology and manned space expeditions.
China, which has made significant progress in developing a self-sufficient space program with the satellites, rocket, shuttle, reconnaissance vehicles and other equipment it has produced in the last 20 years, is carrying out Zhang-ı missions within the scope of the Moon exploration program, and also works within the scope of the space station establishment plan.
“Zhang-5”, which China sent to the Moon, returned to Earth on December 17, 2020, collecting samples from Earth’s satellite. By successfully completing this exploration mission, China became the third country to collect samples from the Moon.