China Space Station’s core module sent to space


According to the Xinhua agency, the core module was sent into space by the Long March-5Y rocket from the Vincang Satellite Launch Center on Hainan Island in the south of the country.

China’s President Xi Jinping sent a congratulatory message to the staff of the Winchang Satellite Launch Center, while Chinese Prime Minister Li Kıçiang and state officials watched the launch from a center in the capital Beijing.

In his message, Şi emphasized that the construction of a manned space program is an important pioneering project in building a strong country in the fields of science, technology, aviation and space.

The first of a total of 11 launch missions of the China Space Station, which will be established by the Beijing administration under the three-stage plan, was carried out. The module, which is 16.6 meters long, 4.2 meters in diameter and 22.5 tons in weight, will allow taikonot (Chinese astronaut) to live in the space station for up to 6 months. The core module will be involved in the control and management of the China National Space Station.

After the core module, 10 more launches will be made until the end of 2022 for the station to be built in “T” shape. With these launches, 2 more modules to be used for cargo will be sent to space and integrated into the core module.

It is planned that the full weight of the station, which will be located at a distance of 340-450 kilometers from the world, will approach 100 tons and its life will be extended up to 15 years with necessary maintenance.

China will send three taikonot to space this year

Hao Chun, Director of the Manned Space Agency of China, stated that Tiencou-2, Shincou -2 spacecraft will be sent to be integrated into the core module for additional launch missions this year.

Noting that a cargo mission will be done with Tiencou-2, Hao noted that with Shincou-2, 3 taikonotes will be sent and these taikonotes will remain in space for 3 months.

Stating that the maximum duration of Chinese astronauts to stay in space is 33 days, Hao said that a life support system was established to convert the core-module urine to clean water and to convert carbon dioxide into oxygen.

The station, which will consist of a core module, two laboratory modules and a space telescope, will be about the same size as Russia’s no longer active Mir Space Station when completed.

Following the “Tienhi” module, the laboratory modules named “Vıntien” (Searching the Skies) and “Mıngtien” (Dreaming the Skies) will be sent to space in 2022.

After the main skeleton is formed, the space telescope named “Shuntian” (Traveling the Skies) will be added to the station as a separate module in the following years.

Will be the only station in space after 2024

There is already the International Space Station in space, where the US, Canada, Japan, Russia and European countries are working together.

However, the International Space Station’s mission will end in 2024. The China Space Station will be the only space station in orbit after 2024.

China sent the first taikonot into space in 2003

China, which started the space station project in 1992, sent the first taikonot to space in 2003 with the Shincou-5 spacecraft, and became the third country to send astronauts to space after the USA and the Soviet Union.

China sent the taiconot to space with Shincou-6 in 2006, Tiengong-1 (Sky Palace) in 2011, and Tiengong-2 in 2016, and conducted some experiments and scientific research on launches. The Tiengong-1 was docked with the Shincou-9 in June 2012 and the Shincou-10 space shuttles in June 2013. Tiengong-1 was out of control and shattered in the atmosphere in 2018.

The Beijing administration approved the manned space base project in 2010.

China’s Moon and Mars missions

China, which has made significant progress in developing a self-sufficient space program with the satellites, rockets, shuttles, reconnaissance vehicles and other equipment it has produced in the last 20 years, most recently sent “Zhang-5” to the Moon in November 2020. collected and returned to Earth on December 17, 2020. By successfully completing this exploration mission, China became the third country to collect samples from the Moon.

On the other hand, as the first step of the Mars mission, the country sent the Tienvın-1 reconnaissance vehicle from Earth to Mars on July 23, 2020, and the vehicle entered an orbit about 400 kilometers from the surface of the Red Planet on February 10.

Tienvin-1, which was communicated with a radio telescope in the northern city of Tianjin with a delay of about 10 minutes, is expected to land on the Red Planet in May or June.

Attracting attention with the steps it has taken in space in recent years, China aims to become the “leader of space” until 2045 by leaving its rivals behind in the race, in which it joined after the USA and Russia.