Scientists at Oxford University in the UK compared overall health and alcohol consumption in the country. In the study, it was aimed to reveal how low and moderate alcohol consumption harms the body. In the study conducted on 25 thousand 378 participants, low or moderate alcohol consumption negatively affects almost every part of the brain. “As previously thought, the whole brain seems to be affected, not just certain areas,” said Anya Topiwala, a senior clinical lecturer at Oxford University and lead author of the study.
The researchers analyzed the participants’ age, gender, education, alcohol consumption rates, brain size and health, and memory tests from MRI scans. According to the results of the study, it was determined that alcohol consumption causes a decrease in the density of the gray areas of the brain and causes damage to the brain tissues. Gray matter in the brain includes areas of the brain involved in muscle control, sensory perception such as vision, hearing, memory, emotions, speech, decision-making, and self-control.